Everyday you use or come in contact with a number of chemical substances. They are: components of auto products; used in the home (maintenance and office), in personal care, in arts and crafts, in pet care, and in landscaping (for example, pesticides). Many are beneficial and necessary to the life you lead; others have properties—and hold potential harms—that have not been evaluated.
You may not have much information about these products, or their ingredients, manufacturers, and health effects.
This portal is designed to support your understanding of the chemicals in—and around—you.
Many people are surprised to learn that they may have a variety of chemical substances in their bodies. Many of these substances are foreign to the human body. They may be natural...
Household Products DatabaseLast Updated on 2008-09-17 00:00:00The National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine maintains the Household Products Database with a wealth of information about these chemicals around you. The Database is “. . . where you can learn more about what is under your kitchen sink, in your garage, in your bathroom, and on the shelves in your laundry room.”
The Database links over 7,000 consumer brands to health effects from Material Safety Data Sheets provided by manufacturers. It allows scientists and consumers to research products based on chemical ingredients. The database is designed to help answer the following typical questions:
What are the chemical ingredients and their percentage in specific brands?
Which products contain specific chemical ingredients?
Who manufactures a specific brand? How do I contact this manufacturer?
What are the acute and chronic effects of chemical ingredients in a... More »
Nanotechnology-based Consumer Products DatabaseLast Updated on 2008-09-16 00:00:00Everyday you use or come in contact with a number of chemical substances. They are: components of auto products; used in the home (maintenance and office), in personal care, in arts and crafts, in pet care, and in landscaping (for example, pesticides). You may not have much information about these products, or their ingredients, manufacturers, and health effects.
Now, there are some chemical substances that are finding new uses due to their size. Nanotechnology research and innovation has produced—and is producing—substances that derive their properties, in part, from their nanoscale size.
The Project on Emerging Technologies has developed an Inventory of Nanotechnology-based Consumer Products.
In Your FoodLast Updated on 2008-09-16 00:00:00Some times, you may wonder what is in the food that finally makes its way to your table.
Results from a long-term study effort by the U.S. Geological Survey’s Toxic Substances Hydrology Program show that earthworms—studied in agricultural fields—contain myriad organic chemical substance residues from household products and from domesticated animal manure.
The research findings, reported in Environmental Science and Technology, suggest that such substances are entering the human food chain. Earthworms exist by ingesting soils for nourishment and they can accumulate chemicals added to agricultural soils.
The USGS notes, “The chemicals investigated are considered indicators of human and animal waste sources and include a range of active ingredients in common household products such as detergents, antibacterial soaps, fragrances, and pharmaceuticals. Some of the detected chemicals... More »
Chemicals in HumansLast Updated on 2008-09-16 00:00:00Many people are surprised to learn that they may have a variety of chemical substances in their bodies. Many of these substances are foreign to the human body. They may be natural or they may be man-made, and they may be toxic or may disrupt normal development. Of course, upon learning about the possibility that such substances may be in their bodies, people want to know how the substances got there, and whether they face possible harm from the substances’ presence.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Environmental Health(NCEH) has established a program to identify, measure and assess the health impacts of such substances. The program employs biological monitoring (biomonitoring) to help us understand and manage the potential for impacts to humans. The CDC notes that:
“Throughout the world, biomonitoring has become the standard for assessing... More »
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