Marine ecosystems are certain to change in response to a changing climate and its accompanying effects such as warming, sea level rise and ocean acidification as well as other human impacts including pollution, habitat loss and resource exploitation.
Fundamentally, two sets of policy issues must be addressed; how to mitigate the impacts of climate and other anthropogenic drivers of change, and how to adapt to changes that are occurring now and are expected in the future. Mitigation and adaptation to changing climate will be considered across the conference themes. Here, we specifically consider three related questions concerning living marine resources:
What changes can be expected due to a changing climate in the near, medium and long-term and how will the impacts of climate change interact with other human impacts (e.g. fishing, coastal development, pollution)?
How can ecosystem-based management be used as a framework for mitigation and adaptation planning for the coming changes in marine ecosystems?
How can marine spatial planning best be used to implement ecosystem-based management in a changing environment?
Ocean systems, ocean strategies: a new approach to managing the seaLast Updated on 2010-12-22 06:35:05
NCSE 2011 Theme 3 White Paper
Submitted for Solutions Journal, 12/22/2010
Kate T. Wing, Barry D. Gold, Edward L. Miles, Andrew A. Rosenberg,
Ocean systems, ocean strategies: a new approach to managing the sea
For centuries, the sheer power and grandeur of the oceans made them seem impervious to human meddling. No matter how much we pulled out or dumped in, the ocean would keep its integrity. Today we face the stark accounting of our decades of ocean use, where our appetites have directly shaped the ecosystems around us. We also face the fact that marine ecosystems are certain to change in response to a changing climate, a force born of humans but not under our control--a force we can attempt to mitigate, perhaps through cutting emissions or carbon storage, but not simply switch on or off.
The other papers in this series will address many of the... More »
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